Enbridge Line 3 Pipeline-

The Line 3 crude oil pipeline is a replacement project proposed by Calgary-based Enbridge Inc. The $7.5-billion, 1,660-kilometre pipeline replacement project would be the most expensive in Enbridge history. The line is currently up and running but is almost half a century old and has been reduced through pressure restrictions to about 390,000 barrels of oil per day. The replacement of this pipeline will restore the original regulated capacity of 760,000 barrels per day, nearly doubling oil shipping potential. Line 3 already has a U.S. presidential permit. On the Canadian side of the border, Enbridge intends to spend $4.9 billion to replace Line 3 between Hardisty, Alta., and the Canada-U.S. border at Gretna, Man. On the U.S. side, it will spend $2.6-billion to replace pipe between Neche, North Dakota, and its terminal in Superior, Wisconsin, from which crude can be transported to refinery markets in Chicago, the U.S. Gulf Coast, the eastern U.S. and Canada. It would cross the Mississippi, it would cross sensitive water resources, and create new pipeline corridor where one currently doesn’t exist. Ochapowace First Nation, which has land near Pilot Butte Canada, outlined eight concerns with the pipeline. Keeseekoose First Nation submitted concerns similar to Ochapowace's: The pipeline's proximity to land held by the First Nation. And Pasqua First Nation was worried that it is located downstream from Line 3 replacement's crossing of the Qu'Appelle Valley. 

Who’s fighting this pipeline?-

Friends of Headwaters

Honor the Earth 

Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs